Black-Tailed Deer
(Odocoileus hemionus columbianus)

HABITAT: Black-tailed deer prefer the edges of forests and the grasslands next to them.  It is the most common deer species in California, with a population of over 300,000 throughout the state.  Its range stretches from Northern California to Alaska.

DIET: These deer eat plant material, such as leaves, grass and branches.  They can even eat poison oak, which causes extreme rashes on humans!

PREDATORS: Black-tailed deer are eaten by mountain lions, bobcats, coyotes and human hunters.

FUN FACT: Despite its name, the Colombian black-tailed deer is native to the West Coast of North America.


Photo by Walter Siegmund